Physics is a branch of science that has a huge part to play in almost everything that surrounds us. In one way or the other physics plays a role in every particle. From theories like gravitation to nuclear fission everything involves physics.
The discoveries and inventions of some physicists have literally changed our lives in a massive way. Some of their contributions were not just for science; it was to the entire human race. In this article, we will see some of the greatest physicists of all time.
The first thing that hits our mind when we say Isaac Newton is gravity. It is one of the greatest discoveries not just in the field of physics, but in the whole world. He was born in the year 1643. Some of his important works include calculus and optics. He is the recipient of a lot of honors which also includes the prestigious presidency of Royal Society. We all know that his theory of gravity commands a very important place in the in many ways.
Niels Bohr was born in Copenhagen in the year 1885. He was the one who developed the modern idea of the atom. The proposed structure consists of a nucleus in the center and the negatively charged electrons revolving it. His theory laid the basis for the atomic energy that we use today. His work won the Nobel Prize in the year 1922. As a token of love and a gesture of appreciation the famous beer brand, Carlsberg gifted him a house which had a pipe connection that connected to its brewery. It means he got free beer for a lifetime. Some of his other contributions include his efforts to open the particle physics facility Cern.
The theory of relativity which is considered to be one of the most important theories in the world was proposed by Albert Einstein. He was born in the year 1879 in Germany. He is an inspiration and an icon in the field of physics. His work actually proved that space and time are malleable and fluid. His famous equation showed the world the mass and energy equivalence. He was a well-known figure and was treated more like a celebrity. He won the Nobel Prize in the year 1921.
Marie Curie is the first women to win the Nobel Prize and also the first person to win two separate Nobel Prizes. Marie Curie was born in Poland in the year 1867. Her first Nobel is for discovering radioactivity with the husband. She won the second Nobel in the year 1911 for discovering radium. Many say that it was her work with radium caused her early death.
Ernest Rutherford was born in New Zealand in the year 1871. He is considered to be one of the best experimental physicists of all time. His investigation into the disintegration of elements won him the Nobel Prize in the year 1908. He later became the director of Cavendish Laboratory in the Cambridge University.